HEBREW DECODED BIBLE STUDIES
Black history doesn't start with chattel slavery. Our history and identity is a part of Biblical history. Historians, DNA, Literary Consistency, Prophetic Consistency, Corroborating Evidence, and Manuscript Evidence have proven who the real Hebrews are. Want to learn more? Please join us for the Hebrew Heritage Decoded Bible Study 6:30-7:30pm every Tuesday.
TORAH LIFE APPLICATION CLASSES
Great Awakening Assembly-Detroit has evolved and changed the way Mid-Week (Thursday) Bible Study is facilitated. We have got rid of the archaic and antiquated style of traditional mid-week studies. We’ve noticed an ever-increasing problem in our Assembly and across the Body of the Mashiach. Over the years attendees may have spiritually developed through this traditional format, but these same seekers were struggling with everyday issues in life in their marriages, finances, parenting, sexual purity, interpersonal relationships and others.
Torah Life Application Classes are committed to teachings that place emphasis not only on the traditional Bible Study issues but upon “everyday life issues” through the lens of the believer’s worldview formation rooted in biblical exegesis. Torah Life Application Classes are relevant, biblical and theological precise. In addition to biblical scholarship and expository teachings for traditional mature seekers, we now offer a wide variety of classes on what we call “real life issues” on a monthly basis. If any topic sparks your interest, we invite you to come out to be empowered, informed and transformed.
HOW TO BECOME A MISH’PACHA:
Great Awakening is always open to anyone who believes Yah is leading them to become a part of our mishpacha (family)!
We don’t do Membership, we do Family (Mish’pacha). Save the membership to gyms and towing services and become a part of our assembly’s mish’pacha. We believe if Yah has called you to an assembly He has called you to be a part of a family. Family allows you do more than just sit and hear the messages. Family gets you active, working together with the rest of the assembly of believers. We are looking for family (Mish’pacha) willing to share their time, talent, gifts and abilities to help build the Kingdom of Yahuah.
To every family, there is a defined relationship with specific roles and duties. Yah has, in a natural sense, placed every person who cleaves to Israel in an assembly (family) to help with their spiritual growth and development. The Bible teaches that it is Yah’s purpose to set the solitary into families (Psalms 68:6). The Hebrew word for solitary is “Yachid” and it means to “set the lonely in a family”. Yah has done this by providing a spiritual family (whose bond is to be stronger than those we have with lost family members) through fellowship in a local assembly.
At each of our Sabbath Worship Services an invitation is extended to anyone desiring a part of our family. By responding you alert us of your interest in the family. At which time, you will meet our staff whose primary responsibility is to assist you in getting acclimated and plugged into the family of Great Awakening Assembly. Our staff will also share information with you about our Mish’pacha Classes.
MISH’PACHA Classes are offered to those interested in becoming family of Great Awakening Assembly. A person can begin taking classes at any point. The Mish’pacha Course will take new family members on a journey through the Hebrew faith, doctrinal beliefs and philosophy of this ministry. This course class will serve as an excellent foundation for your spiritual growth. Upon completion of the mish’pacha class, which is an eight-week course, family will be officially a part of our family. Additionally, a welcome breakfast will be held in their honor at which time they will meet many of our leaders. The following is a list of topics will be covered:
1. The Purpose of the Assembly
2. Fundamental Beliefs of the Assembly
3. The Bible /Word of Yah
4. Sacred Name of the Father and Son
6. Hebrews to Negroes
7. Commandments, Laws, and Statues
8. The Ministry of the Congregation
9. Benefits of the Assembly
10. Video Presentation: The Vision of Great Awakening
Subsequently, family will be asked to attend the “Sabbath Academy Classes” and "Abed Leaderships Training”, which will train family for serving in the Assembly.
The Sabbath Academy is the reasoned and faithful response of Great Awakening Assembly to problems and criticisms of the faith. This course designed for our mish’pacha (family) will help all become familiar with our doctrinal beliefs survey several of the false claims and criticisms of the Hebrewism: its history, life and faith. It will also review the intellectual and faithful responses that Hebrews have provided to them. Topics include:
Class #1: What is Salvation/Gospel? / Gentiles Grated In
Class #2 Hebrews to Negroes (Hebrew Identity)
Class #3 Deuteronomy 28 Curses
Class #4 Sabbath / Sunday Deception
Class #5 Sacred Name of the Father and Son
Class #6 Moedim Feasts / Pagan Holidays
Class #7 Saturday Resurrection
Class #8 Law: How to Defend It
Class #9 Dietary Laws
Class #10 Rapture Deception
ABED / HELPS MINISTRY TRAINING
Twice a year, during a six-week course developed and taught by our Pastoral Team, our members discover Yah’s plan for functioning in the Helps Ministry. Members will learn what it means to be a “servant leader” and how to better serve the vision of this assembly. Furthermore, emergent leaders will learn the principle of protocol, Assembly structure, how a true Hebrew assembly operates, and much more.
Many ministers today are burdened with the day to day tasks required to keep the ministry functioning. Ministers are familiar with all the responsibilities and have become proficient at being all things to all people, while covering everything possible that can go wrong or needs attention during a service. Interestingly enough, that is not the mandate of their ministry. The call of the ministry is to prayer and preaching of the word. Yah has made provision for the many tasks that are required to keep the Assembly running efficiently and it is called the Ministry of Helps.
We have to be faithful to disciple members of THE GAA-Detroit Assembly and teach them the values of serving Yah through the Ministry of Helps. The Ministry of Helps at New Breed began as a vision, was planted into the Assembly as a seed and through the watering of the word through the years has brought forth fruit in its season.
What Yah has taught us at GAA-Detroit is knowledge that is easily transferred to other Assemblies and ministries. It is not necessary for other ministries to spend years gleaning this knowledge from the Word. It is quite possible for them to reap in fields they haven’t planted. It is our goal to the best of our ability to share with the Body of Yahusha knowledge that will enable their “Helps” ministry to be the best it can be.
The primary purpose of this course is to provide to the members of New Breed a resource to become excellent ministers and servants to the Body of Yahusha today. Then allow them to release their ministers to do the work Yah has called them to and to make provision for every believer to find their place in the Body today, that we might fulfill Ephesians 4: 12 (Amp.) “His intention was the perfecting and the full equipping of the saints (His consecrated people). [that they should do] the work of the ministering toward building up Yahusha’s body (the Assembly),” that we call all be fitly joined together. Knitted together as a body of believers, each functioning in their proper role.
Finally, it is our desire to demonstrate that Yah provides harmony and order. We are called to develop committed and submitted men and women who excel in their service.
The Leadership Advance is a retreat for all leaders of Great Awakeing Assembly. This three day annual retreat takes place during the springtime at the Erie Island Resort and Marina in Port Clinton, Ohio. Leaders will be engaged in sessions that will improve their leadership capacity, identifying strengths & weaknesses, traits of an effective leader, strategic planning and much more. This retreat also allows for the Assembly leaders a time of recreation, fellowship and relaxation. The Leadership Advance is only one of many training strategies and innovative approaches we take to build vibrant and well trained leadership that steers the vision of our Assembly.
Great Awakening Assembly-Detroit small group ministry is referred to as DNAgroups. A DNAgroup is a group of up to twelve people, most of whom meet weekly in community, to experience the love of Yah and grow in relationship with each other. DNAgroups also reach out in mission to the world while seeking and welcoming new members so that new DNAgroups can be formed.
Sharing our lives and hearts with one another in the presence of Yahusha, and with the assurance of confidentiality, will knit us together into a strong fabric. The strength of the individual is no longer the only factor determining his or her walk with Yah. The rest of the DNAgroup under girds its members with prayer, encouragement and vision to keep each member growing in Yahusha.
Yahusha in the midst is the strength of the DNAgroup. Yahusha is the only one that can provide the power and vision to live the set-apart life. When the DNAgroup comes together the focus is on experiencing Yahusha in every part of the meeting.
DNAgroups are for outreach and the spiritual nourishing of each member. The pastoral ministry within a DNAgroup will nourish and strengthen its members, develop leadership and character and a commitment to Yah's call to be "fishers of men". Reaching out to others so that growth and multiplication can take place will keep a DNAgroup vital, and a life sustaining, reproducing community. The group must focus not only on the vision of building one another up but also targeting, praying for and reaching out to others. To do less is to become a self-focused care group, which cannot sustain life.
DNAgroups are an integral part of the life of the Assembly and are not independent, but are accountable to each other, the Pastor and the congregation. The congregation is an extension of the DNAgroups and does not function apart from them. In this way, the pastoring of the members is done by their DNAgroup leader, who is only responsible for up to twelve people, not by an Assembly pastor, who may be responsible for hundreds. DNAgroup members also attend regular Assembly services.
Cells in the Body
DNAgroups in the Assembly
1. Cells are the smallest living things in a human body and each has a function that it must fulfill for sustenance of human life.
2. A cell's purpose is to grow. DNA of the cells oversees the growth and is reproduced so that the rest of the cell can multiply.
3. After multiplication, the process starts all over again. Every time it is complete in itself, having what it needs for life.
4. Cells join together to form a body.
1. DNAgroups are the smallest unit of life in the Assembly. Each individual in the DNAgroup has to function with their gifts for the DNAgroup to grow.
2. DNAgroups are the Assembly's outreach and the DNAgroup leaders are the DNA who are involved in the members' lives to shepherd them. Therefore, the leadership is reproduced as the DNAgroup grows and then it multiplies.
3. After a DNAgroup multiplies, it begins to focus again on growth and multiplication and each time it is a "basic believing community" having all that it needs to minister the life of Yahusha.
4. DNAgroups join together in Worship Celebration services.
DNAgroups Mission Statement
The Mission of DNAgroups is to develop a community of cell groups where mishpacha of GAA-Detroit and individuals outside our fellowship can be discipled, build relationships, be accountable for their spiritual lives, be nurtured toward spiritual maturity and be active participants together in the journey of faith.
The goals of DNAgroups are to:
- Look Upward– create an atmosphere that ensures every participant developing a supernatural relationship with Yah.
- Connect Inward– to encourage every participant to be in continual fellowship and communion with other believers.
- Reach Outward– to develop groups that will reach outside of community and draw the unassembled.
- Move Forward- embracing leadership potential... and expand cell ministries to be the basic building block and DNA of New Breed Assembly. It is within the cell environment that every believer will be equipped, discipled and prepared to do the work of ministry (Ephesians 4:11-16).
- To Edifythe body of Yahusha … by loving cell members and ministering to each other.
- To Evangelize…by loving others outside the cell group and sharing the good news of Yahusha.
- To Equipthe saints for the work of the Ministry (Discipleship)
- To Exercise the gifts of the Holy Spirit … through releasing words of prophecy and exercising other gifts of the Spirit so as to build up cell members.
"How is it then, brethren? Whenever you come together, each of you has a psalm, has a teaching, has a tongue, has a revelation, has an interpretation. Let all things be done for edification." (1 Corinthians 14:26).
The family that you have now become part of, is the Assembly of Yah. The Assembly is not a building but a community of people that congregate in buildings and homes. One of the functions of the Assembly is to gather in small groups called Cells. (Acts 2:46-47)
DNAgroups Cell Groups Format
Each meeting usually lasts about two hours, split across four elements:
- Welcome:gathering the group together and helping it to gel.
- Worship: recognizing that Yah is with us - an encounter with Yah.
- Word:we learn together, using Yah's Word, but this will be a different style from a traditional Bible study
- Witness:a practical section which follows on from the rest of the meeting.
- Greetings and announcements(5 minutes) with accurate details and vision for the events announced.
- Creative question or "icebreaker"(15 minutes). Draw people out so they will feel comfortable sharing their hearts. Do not necessarily pick "religious" questions. Be careful to structure the question so that answers are not too long.
- Refreshments(10 minutes). Allow people to chat and get comfortable with one another.
- Worship(15 minutes). Provide song sheets for those who might not be familiar with the songs. Be wary of a "super-religious" environment that people will not bring friends to. We do utilize CDs because we do not currently have people who can lead worship with instruments. Live music is better when a musically-gifted worship leader is present. As an alternative, guided imagery meditation can also be utilized.
- Prayer Time(15 minutes). Share and pray for personal needs and the needs of struggling family, friends and co-workers. Be open to give thanks when the Holy Spirit meets needs. Ministering to one another in prayer is a special part of this community time.
- Discussion(generally not longer than 30 minutes). Discuss the topic presented by Dr. Ken. Get everybody thinking and involved. Emphasis is upon the practical application or "doing" of Yah's Word. Share a brief review (5 minutes maximum) of Pastor's message if most of the people were not in attendance. Have discussion questions prepared. If the leaders are vulnerable, the DNAgroup members will be also. (Option: Break into several discussion groups with each leader facilitating one.) The goals of discussion are to get everybody thinking about how to apply Yah's Word to their lives.
- Life Application (10 minutes). Discuss how the discussion applies to your life everyday.
- Share the Mission(5 minutes). This is the time to answer the question: How do the members of the DNAgroup live out their life together in the world? Each group has a way of sharing Yah with their friends, family and strangers. Some possible mission works are: Visiting shut ins, Adopt-a-Family, etc.
- Closing Prayer(5 minutes). Forms a circle, hold hands or have a group hug, and have closing prayer for Yahusha's mission in the world.
DNAgroups Cell Groups Values
DNAgroup values embrace and reinforce a key set of values which can underlie the whole foundations of the Assembly. At All Saints, we have defined them as A to E:
- All Involved:we have an every member ministry. Every member takes part, and every member's gifts are used.
- Becoming Disciples:radically applying and adapting Yah's Word in our lives.
- Creating Community:not just attending meetings, but sharing lives and building relationships.
- Doing Evangelism:as opposed to just talking about it!
- Encountering Yahusha:expecting a release of his presence and power among his people.
DNAgroups What is cell ministry?
The human body is composed of many units that join to form the body as a whole. These units are called cells. A baby starts out as a single cell in its mother's womb, and then grows and multiplies into two cells. These two cells then become four, and the four become eight, and the eight become sixteen, and so on. Soon, one cell has become a human body, full of life and wonder! A cell group is a group of six to twelve people who form a community to experience the love of Yah, grow in relationship with others and reach out in mission to the world.
Sharing our lives and hearts with one another hi the presence of Yahusha will knit us together into a strong fabric that cannot be broken. The strength of the individual is no longer the only factor determining his/her walk with Yah. The rest of the cell undergirds each member with prayer, encouragement and vision for the mission to keep them growing in Yahusha.
Yahusha in the midst is the strength of the group. Yahusha is the only one that can provide the power and vision to walk out the Yahushaian life. When the cell comes together for edification, the focus is on experiencing Yahusha in every part of the meeting.
Cells are both mission and edification. If a cell does not reach out to others, grow and multiple, it will become a self-focused care group that will eventually grow bored and die. If a cell does not pastor and edify its people, it will not develop leadership, it will not develop character hi its people and people will eventually fall away from walking with Yah (or they will go somewhere else where they can be fed). The group must focus both on building one another up and targeting, praying for and reaching out hi mission.
Unlike the House Church movement, cells are parts of the whole. Cells are not independent, but are interdependent upon one another. Most cells meet weekly to form a congregation which has a time of celebration. A congregation is an extension of the cells and does not function apart from them. In this way, the pastoring of the members is done by then- cell leader, who is only responsible for these six to twelve people, not by a Assembly pastor, who may be responsible for hundreds.
Cells in the Body
Cell Groups in the Assembly
1. Is the smallest living thing in a human body.
2. Carries on all the functions of life.
3. Each part of the cell has a particular function it must fulfill for cell life.
4. A cell's purpose is to grow.
5. A cell's DNA oversees the growth of the cell parts.
6. A cell grows, DNA is reproduced and then the rest of the cell multiplies.
7. After multiplication, the process starts all over again.
8. Every time a cell divides, it is complete in itself, having what it needs for life.
9. Cells join together to form a body.
1. Is the smallest unit of life in the Assembly
2. Carries on all the functions of the Assembly.
3. Each individual member of the cell must function in their gifts for the cell to have life and growth.
4. Cells are the Assembly's mission teams.
5. Cell group leaders are involved in the members' lives to pastor them.
6. As a cell grows in number, leadership is reproduced and the cell multiplies.
7. After a cell multiplies, it begins to focus again on growth and multiplication.
8. Each cell is a "basic believing community" having all that it needs to minister the life of Yahusha.
9. Cells join together in celebration services.
EBER DISCIPLESHIP GROUP
Great Awakening Assembly - Detroit Leadership selects 12 people (leaders, community dwellers, or congregants) and disciple each of them with a life-on-life method the over the next three years. We will invest our years of experience in leadership, administration, theology, business, marriage, biblical scholarship, and counseling into this focus-group chosen.
The key idea of New Breed’s Eber Discipleship Group, is to invest in these 12 people who are serious about being discipled, the work of Yah, dedicated to the biblical pattern of discipleship, and willing to be taught. Train them and then encourage and allow them to train others. The goal is to get these 12 people to train/disciple others so the Kingdom and New Breed Assembly will begin to grow!
BENEFITS OF EBER'S DISCIPLE GROUP:
- 24:7 Excess to the Pastors and Morehs
- Group meets twice a month over breakfast/lunch/dinner
- One on One Meetings with Pastors/Morehs
- Study Bible/books together
- Prayer/Impartation once a week
- One on One Mentoring and Accountability Meetings
- Individual Studies with Dr. Ken
- Group Retreats for Disciples only
- Leadership Training/Seminary-type Classes for Disciples only
- Take Trips Together
Great Awakening Assembly’s Discipleship Group will pour into 12 people to perpetuate growth in three areas:
- Character: marriage, parenting, spiritual life, personal evangelism, putting sin to death, cultivating the fruit of the Spirit, and so on.
- Ministry skills: leadership, preaching, counseling, use of time, administrative skills, care for people suffering or in crisis, developing leaders, and so on.
- Doctrine: biblical knowledge, biblical theology, systematic theology, Assembly history, and so on.
Yahusha final instruction to his followers was “go and make disciples”. Since he didn’t give them a syllabus, a PowerPoint or a lesson guide for 2000 years we’ve been wrestling with the “what” question of disciple-making; What does a disciple need to know? New Breed Assembly has tried training, Life Application Classes to convey the correct information with varying degrees of success. The reality, however, is that Yahusha method of making disciples was focused more on
relationship and action and less on information and knowledge. The key is the “how” question, How did Yahusha make disciples?
- Yahusha spent time observing potential disciples: He spent time interacting with potential disciples in a variety of situations before tapping them for further development
- Yahusha taught discipleship along the way: Rather than classrooms, books and exercises Yahusha used birds and lilies and farms to teach discipleship. Discipleship was a natural outgrowth of hanging out together.
- Yahusha put his students into difficult situations: He constantly challenged them to lead beyond their comfort zones.
- Yahusha did not give his students a template to follow, he gave them a mission to complete
- Yahusha treated each disciple as an individual: He confronted Peter, he loved John, he challenged Thomas. In his final words on the beach in John 21 he told Peter that everyone has their own, individualized path to discipleship
- Yahusha spent three years developing 12 men: He apparently couldn’t come up with a mass program of microwave discipleship. Not only did his program take three years with 12 students, but it was 24/7/365.
Could our struggle to make quality disciples come from focusing so much on what Yahusha said that we miss what Yahusha did? Curriculum is easy; life-on-life relational discipleship is difficult, slow and frustrating. And, in the end, the only way to make disciples.
PHILOSOPHY OF DISCIPLESHIP
The Ultimate Goal of the Discipleship Group is the primary vehicle for living out the mission of “developing multiplying disciples.” This group will be led by Dr. Ken and consists of approximately 8-12 Yahusha-followers living out and growing together as disciples by:
- Loving Yahusha supremely through Bible study, prayer and application of the Word - Merely hearing Yah’s Word is insufficient; we must apply it to our lives for there to be fruit. This Discipleship Group provide a context where disciples see Biblical truth lived out in others and are practically challenged to apply the truth to specific areas in their own lives.
- Loving each other humbly through Biblical community and service - Genuine community isn’t practical in a large crowd. This Discipleship Group provides a place where we can build intimate relationships, care for one another, and exercise our spiritual gifts in relation to one another.
- Loving the world sacrificially through local and global missional outreach - the primary means by which we mobilize people together on mission. This group will be intentionally focused on making disciples locally and globally.
STRATEGY FOR DEVELOPING MULTIPLYING DISCIPLES
Our ultimate goal isn’t simply to make disciples but multiplying disciples, i.e. disciples who are equipped to make disciples of others. Therefore, we will intentionally invest in the lives of others for the purpose of equipping them to be reproducing disciple-makers (Matthew 28:18-20; 2 Timothy 2:2). Four primary elements are involved in developing disciple-making disciples who love Yahusha supremely, each other humbly and the world sacrificially:
- Sharing the Word (Matthew 28:18-20) - Disciple-making begins with sharing the gospel with those apart from Yahusha.
- Teaching the Word (Matthew 28:18-20) - Disciple-making continues as we teach others the Word. This involves teaching others what it means to love Yahusha supremely, each other humbly and the world sacrificially. Teaching the Word normally involves two distinct stages. The first stage is “follow-up.” Those who profess faith in Yahusha are followed-up for the purpose of establishing them in the faith and teaching them the basics of what it means to be a disciple of Yahusha. The second stage is “growth.” This is the lifelong process of growth as a disciple; growing in the knowledge of Yah and the godly character that flows from that knowledge.
- Showing the Word (Philippians 3:17; 1 Corinthians 4:14-17, 10:32-11:1; 1 Thessalonians 1:4-7; 2 Thessalonians 3:6-9) - Disciple-making also involves a Yahusha- follower imparting his/her life to another, by example, demonstration and imitation. Showing the Word involves modeling the character of a disciple; loving Yahusha supremely, each other humbly and the world sacrificially. Disciple-making isn’t some barren, educational exercise but is deeply and inescapably relational. It goes beyond simply sharing knowledge and skill to sharing life. Ultimately discipling is done by someone, not by something.
- Multiplying the Word (2 Timothy 2:2) - This final element of disciple-making involves intentionally equipping disciples to make disciples of others. The word “equipping” is used to describe the process of training all Yahusha-followers with knowledge, character, skills and vision so that in love they might disciple others by sharing, teaching and showing the Word. This approach allows the Word to multiply rapidly and comprehensively by scattering disciple-makers throughout the entire world, as opposed to limiting disciple-making to a fixed place, particular program and paid professional that meets once a week. We must remember that disciple-making is not reserved for just an elite few but all Yahusha-followers.
THE NEED FOR THIS GROUP
Few would argue that many (most?) Bible-believing Assemblies are in serious trouble! Assemblies that used to be growing are growing no longer. And if growth does occur, it is mainly due to “the rotation of the saints” –or, as it is commonly called, transfer growth. Souls are not being saved, disciples are not being made. The situation is desperate…but the saints are not! While much ink could be spilled as to both the cause and solution to the problem, let’s focus on one specific dimension: Pastoral Discipleship.
“True discipleship will turn spectators into servants, believers into Yahusha-like individuals), and a crowd into a Assembly. Zeal will replace apathy, holiness will replace carnality, and passion will replace indifference.”
Because our short-term programs have produced weak Assemblies, the need is to return to the biblical, long-term model of disciple-making. If this revival is to take place, pastors must lead the way. We must be willing to remove ourselves from the “instant” mind-set in which we live (fast food restaurants, micro-wave ovens, automated “anyone” bank tellers, ect.) and be willing to build our Assemblies on the biblical pattern of long-term discipleship.
Discipleship is much like child-rearing
An excellent passage to study is 1 Thessalonians 1 and 2. Notice just a few key concepts mentioned from the pen of the apostle Paul. In chapter 1, Paul provides us with a cycle of Assembly growth. In verse 5 he speaks of he reception of the gospel. In verse 6 he refers to he believers as followers. In verse 7 he commends them for being examples. And then in verse 8 he focuses on their desire to spread the Word! What a cycle! Salvation of lost souls through the gospel, learning of followers, serving as examples, and finally winning of others through the power of Yah’s Word!
In chapter 2, Paul shares some specific principles relating to this marvelous growth cycle. In verse 8 he indicates that more than the gospel was given to the people at Thessalonica. Because theses believers were “dear,” Paul gave his “own soul.” Very simply, he is referring to the time, energy, prayer and teaching that was given to these precious new believers. In verse 7, he speaks of providing spiritual parenting; likewise, in verse 11. The reason for such commitment is given in verse 12, “that ye would walk worthy of Yah.” Believers who “walk worthy of Yah” (1 Thessalonians 2:12 ) are strong, stable and spiritual! We need Believers like this in our Assemblies today! Please don’t miss the point. I am really not focusing on the “product” (the kind of believers mentioned above). The emphasis is upon the “process.” The need is to clearly visualize the biblical pattern of disciple making. The responsibility is to provide parental guidance in a spiritual sense. Just as Paul called Timothy his “son” (11Timothy 2:1), pastors need “spiritual children.” Discipleship is the biblical pattern!